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[Research] R Basics 3- Basic Coding in R

In languages such as C++ or python, the ifelse and for commands are much straightforward. However, in the case of R, one accustomed to using C++ or Python might feel slightly different as R does not have to declare the index of a list or a vector. However, we can still use the functions ifelse and function(){} to code basic loops.

ifelse is one of the basic forms of a logical statement, and the basic form is (conditional, if true, if false). We can use a simple code as the following to obtain the reciprocal of positive numbers.

ifelse(a>0 , 1/a, NA)
a<- c(0,1,2,-4,5)

function is also an incredibly useful tool in R coding; we can use the following code to obtain the mean of a vector. Note that the variable is declared inside function(x) and the function itself is coded within the curly brackets.

avg<- function(x){

We can use the same method to code a function that adds 1 to n.

compute_s_n <- function(n){
 x<- 1:n

When we apply this, we can use the code below which will give us 55.


But if we wanted to know each of the sums of 1 to a number smaller or equal to 10, we can use the sapply() function as the following.

n <- c(1:10)
sapply(compute_s_n, n)

An alternative way of doing so may be creating an empty vector and inserting each of the values in the vector. For those who are more used to C++ or Python, this method may seem more intuitive.

#create an empty vector
s_n <- vector(length=m)
for (n in 1:m){
 s_n[n] <- compute_s_n(n)

We can plot the result using ggplot() with n=1:100, and the parabola confirms that we have made the right code.

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